Click the button below to get instant access to these worksheets for use in the classroom or at a home. The NBA has featured many famous players, including George Mikan, the first dominating "big man"; ball-handling wizard Bob Cousy and defensive genius Bill Russell of the Boston Celtics; charismatic center Wilt Chamberlain, who originally played for the barnstorming Harlem Globetrotters; all-around stars Oscar Robertson and Jerry West; more recent big men Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Shaquille O'Neal, Hakeem Olajuwon and Karl Malone; playmakers John Stockton, Isiah Thomas and Steve Nash; crowd-pleasing forwards Julius Erving and Charles Barkley; European stars Dirk Nowitzki, Pau Gasol and Tony Parker; more recent superstars LeBron James, Allen Iverson and Kobe Bryant; and the three players who many credit with ushering the professional game to its highest level of popularity during the 1980s and 1990s: Larry Bird, Earvin "Magic" Johnson, and Michael Jordan. Basketball, colloquially referred to as hoops,[1] is a team sport in which two teams, most commonly of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball (approximately 9.4 inches (24 cm) in diameter) through the defender's hoop (a basket 18 inches (46 cm) in diameter mounted 10 feet (3.048 m) high to a backboard at each end of the court) while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop. The last tournaments were held at Alabama State College from 1964 to 1967.[26]. The league commenced in 1979, playing a winter season (April–September) and did so until the completion of the 20th season in 1998.

Not ready to purchase a subscription? The first game was played in Toronto, Ontario, Canada between the Toronto Huskies and New York Knickerbockers on November 1, 1946. The first intercollegiate women's game was on April 4, 1896. Leagues came and went.

How will the draft and free agency work? For the ball used in the sport, see, Learn how and when to remove this template message, lift or drag one's pivot foot without dribbling the ball, hold the ball with both hands then resume dribbling, NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Championship, Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States, National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics, List of U.S. high school basketball national player of the year awards, National Federation of State High School Associations, North Central Association of Colleges and Schools, "The Surge of the NBA's International Viewership and Popularity", "REVEALED: The world's best paid teams, Man City close in on Barca and Real Madrid", "YMCA International - World Alliance of YMCAs: Basketball : a YMCA Invention", Leather Head Naismith Style Lace Up Basketball, "Passion Drives Creation - Jeep® & USA Basketball", Inflatable ball, Inventor: Frank Dieterle, Patent: US 1660378 A (1928), "Newly found documents shed light on basketball's birth", "Grandson of basketball's inventor brings game's exhibit to Geneva College", "Hamline University Athletics: Hutton Arena", "1st Ever Public Basketball Game Played...", 2008–09 High School Athletics Participation Survey, "2016–17 High School Athletics Participation Survey", "National Interscholastic Basketball Tournament – hoopedeia.nba.com – Retrieved September 13, 2009", "National Catholic Interscholastic Basketball Tournament, 1924–1941 – hoopedia.nba.com – Retrieved September 13, 2009", "National Catholic Invitations Basketball Tournament – hoopedia.nba.com – Retrieved September 13, 2009", "– National Interscholastic Basketball Tournament for Black High Schools, 1929–1942 – Retrieved September 13, 2009", "National Invitational Interscholastic Basketball Tournament – hoopedia.nba.com – Retrieved September 13, 2009", "Three Seconds at 1972 Olympics Haunt U.S. Basketball", "You Come in as a Squirrel and Leave as an Owl", BASKETBALL | NBA getting through tough times, "Official Rules of the National Basketball Association 2013-2014", 2009–2011 Men's & Women's Basketball Rules, "NCAA panel approves women's basketball rules changes", "Varsity basketball games will have two 18-minute halves next season", "What Are the Different Types of Basketball Court Surfaces? A back-shot is a shot taken when the player is facing away from the basket, and may be shot with the dominant hand, or both; but there is a very low chance that the shot will be successful.

[41] Overtime periods are five minutes in length[39][45][46] except for high school, which is four minutes in length. The basket is a steel rim 18 inches (46 cm) diameter with an attached net affixed to a backboard that measures 6 by 3.5 feet (1.8 by 1.1 meters) and one basket is at each end of the court. The United States' dominance continued with the introduction of the original Dream Team. [25] The National Invitational Interscholastic Basketball Tournament was held from 1941 to 1967 starting out at Tuskegee Institute. In 1959, a basketball hall of fame was founded in Springfield, Massachusetts, site of the first game. Although the rules do not specify any positions whatsoever, they have evolved as part of basketball. Los Angeles Lakers star big man Anthony Davis intends to stay put once free agency opens, reports Shams Charania of The Athletic. It eventually won the bronze medal defeating Lithuania, finishing behind Argentina and Italy.

backboard into the basket.

He invented basketball in 1891 when he was looking for ways to keep his gym class busy on rainy days.

In 1920–21 the backboards were moved 2 feet (0.6 metre), and in 1939–40 4 feet, in from the end lines to reduce frequent stepping out-of-bounds. Half-court raises the number of players that can use a court or, conversely, can be played if there is an insufficient number to form full 5-on-5 teams. In June 2007, the WNBA signed a contract extension with ESPN. The success of international basketball was greatly advanced by the inclusion of men’s basketball in the Olympic Games beginning in 1936. Women's basketball was added to the Olympics in 1976, which were held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada with teams such as the Soviet Union, Brazil and Australia rivaling the American squads. [16][17][18] The School of Agriculture won in a 9–3 game. around a rubber inner bladder. The arms or body must not be used for holding it. What did the NBA take from his Rockets tenure? We're losing a lot of money among a large number of teams. The first pro league, the National Basketball League, was formed in 1898 to protect players from exploitation and to promote a less rough game.
These infractions result in one or two free throws, which may be taken by any of the five players on the court at the time. By 1895, the game had spread to colleges across the country, including Wellesley, Vassar, and Bryn Mawr. On scoreboards, this is usually signified with an indicator light reading "Bonus" or "Penalty" with an illuminated directional arrow or dot indicating that team is to receive free throws when fouled by the opposing team. [7][8] These laces could cause bounce passes and dribbling to be unpredictable. In 1895, the number was occasionally set at five and is still followed today. A basketball game is played in four quarters of ten or twelve minutes and 50x94 feet, and high school courts are 50x84 feet. Given a timely mix of spectacular players—such as Earvin (“Magic”) Johnson, Julius Erving (“Dr. For both men's and women's teams, a standard uniform consists of a pair of shorts and a jersey with a clearly visible number, unique within the team, printed on both the front and back. The ball is usually shot by jumping (though not always) and extending the shooting arm.


A "technical foul" is considered In the US college men's game and high school games for both sexes, if a team reaches 7 fouls in a half, the opposing team is awarded one free throw, along with a second shot if the first is made. This worksheet can be edited by Premium members using the free Google Slides online software. After the ball hits the rim, it is again legal to touch it even though it is no longer considered as a block performed. Though it had shaky attendance figures, several marquee players (Lisa Leslie, Diana Taurasi, and Candace Parker among others) have helped the league's popularity and level of competition. If a team exceeds a certain limit of team fouls in a given period (quarter or half) – four for NBA, NCAA women's, and international games – the opposing team is awarded one or two free throws on all subsequent non-shooting fouls for that period, the number depending on the league. By 1938, the women's national championship changed from a three-court game to two-court game with six players per team. [9] Eventually a lace-free ball construction method was invented, and this change to the game was endorsed by Naismith. The tallest players ever in the NBA were Manute Bol and Gheorghe Mureșan, who were both 7 feet 7 inches (2.31 m) tall. Frank Mahan, one of the players from the original first game, approached Naismith after the Christmas break, in early 1892, asking him what he intended to call his new game. One point is awarded for making a free throw, which is attempted from a line 15 feet (4.6 m) from the basket. Almost all forwards in the top men's pro leagues are 6 feet 6 inches (1.98 m) or taller. The objective is to shoot a ball through a hoop that is 10 feet high, mounted to a backboard at each end. Screens and cuts are very important in offensive plays; these allow the quick passes and teamwork, which can lead to a successful basket. The basketball court may be located indoors or outdoors, and is a

Basketball is a dynamic sport that builds stamina from the short sprints required of running up and down the length of the court. In 3x3, a formalized version of the halfcourt 3-on-3 game, a dedicated ball with the circumference of a size 6 ball but the weight of a size 7 ball is used in all competitions (men's, women's, and mixed teams).[53]. In 1894, the first basketball measured close to 32 inches (81 cm), or about 4 inches (10 cm) larger than the soccer ball, in circumference, and weighed less than 20 ounces (567 grams). Within a dribble, the player cannot carry the ball by placing his hand on the bottom of the ball; doing so is known as carrying the ball. In 1905, frequent injuries on the football field prompted President Theodore Roosevelt to suggest that colleges form a governing body, resulting in the creation of the Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States (IAAUS). possession must attempt a shot at the goal within 30 seconds or Basketball is a popular sport worldwide, played in professional leagues, free throws for a technical foul by a player, and one for a technical The objective is to shoot a ball through a hoop that is 10 feet high, mounted to a backboard at each end. [51][52] The name and logo of the home team is usually painted on or around the center circle.

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