Chapter 1, Discovery and Settlement", "Place names – Naming the country and the main islands", "Names of NZ's two main islands formalised", "High-precision radiocarbon dating shows recent and rapid initial human colonization of East Polynesia", "Testing migration patterns and estimating founding population size in Polynesia by using human mtDNA sequences", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, "Dating the late prehistoric dispersal of Polynesians to New Zealand using the commensal Pacific rat", "High-precision dating and ancient DNA profiling of moa (Aves: Dinornithiformes) eggshell documents a complex feature at Wairau Bar and refines the chronology of New Zealand settlement by Polynesians", "Mass Migration and the Polynesian Settlement of New Zealand", "Genealogies as a basis for Maori chronology", "The Peopling of the Pacific from a Bacterial Perspective", "Food, warfare and the impact of Atlantic capitalism in Aotearo/New Zealand", "Government and nation – The origins of nationhood", "British immigration and the New Zealand Company", "Crown colony era – the Governor-General", "New Zealand's 19th-century wars – overview", "Government and nation – The constitution", "Strategy and Trade Union Effectiveness in a Neo-liberal Environment", "Economic history – Interwar years and the great depression", "Strikes and labour disputes – Wars, depression and first Labour government", "Economic history – Great boom, 1935–1966", "Te Māori i te ohanga – Māori in the economy – Urbanisation", Report on the Crown's Foreshore and Seabed Policy, "Factsheet – New Zealand – Political Forces", "Replacement of the Royal Prerogative in New Zealand", "Government and nation – System of government", "Reviewing electorate numbers and boundaries", "Jacinda Ardern sworn in as new Prime Minister", "Female political leaders have been smashing glass ceilings for ages", "Fragile States Index Heat Map | Fragile States Index", "Globalisation, Sovereignty, and the Transformation of New Zealand Foreign Policy", "Department Of External Affairs: Security Treaty between Australia, New Zealand and the United States of America", "Sinking the Rainbow Warrior – nuclear-free New Zealand", "Nuclear-free legislation – nuclear-free New Zealand", Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, "Kiwis face hurdles in pursuit of lost funds", "South Pacific economic relations – Aid, remittances and tourism", "Making migration work: Lessons from New Zealand", "Caught between China and the US: The Kiwi place in a newly confrontational world", "New Zealand's Pacific reset: strategic anxieties about rising China", "The future of the Five Power Defence Arrangements", "El Alamein – The North African Campaign", "World War Two: The Battle of Monte Cassino", "Gallipoli stirred new sense of national identity says Clark", "New Zealand Defence Force Overseas Operations", "Alternatives to Amalgamation in Australian Local Government: Lessons from the New Zealand Experience", "Subnational population estimates at 30 June 2010 (boundaries at 1 November 2010)", "Natural environment – Geography and geology", "Sea floor geology – Active plate boundaries", "Bathymetry of the Tonga Trench and Forearc: A Map Series", "Summary of New Zealand climate extremes", National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, "Frequently asked questions about New Zealand plants", "Commentary on Forest Policy in the Asia-Pacific Region (A Review for Indonesia, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand and Western Samoa)", "The Polynesian settlement of New Zealand in relation to environmental and biotic changes", The state of New Zealand’s environment 1997, "Extinctions – New Zealand extinctions since human arrival", "Snails and slugs – Flax snails, giant snails and veined slugs", "Macroevolutionary patterns in Rhynchocephalia: is the tuatara (Sphenodon punctatus) a living fossil? People born on or before 31 December 2005 acquired citizenship at birth (, The current estimated resident population is extrapolated from the, In 2015, 55% of Māori adults (aged 15 years and over) reported knowledge of. [203] Even as late as the 1960s it made up over a third of all export revenues,[203] but since then its price has steadily dropped relative to other commodities[230] and wool is no longer profitable for many farmers. ", "International Migration Outlook – New Zealand 2009/10", "Birthplace (detailed), for the census usually resident population count, 2006, 2013, and 2018 Censuses (RC, TA, SA2, DHB)", "International Students in New Zealand: Needs and Responses", "The New Zealanders – Bicultural New Zealand", "British influence ebbs as New Zealand takes to talking Māori", "Waitangi Tribunal claim – Māori Language Week", "Ngā puna kōrero: Where Māori speak te reo – infographic", New Zealand Sign Language Act 2006 No 18 (as at 30 June 2008), Public Act, "Ngā hāhi – Māori and Christian denominations - Ringatū and Rātana", "Atheism and secularism – Who is secular? [332] Māori developed traditional chants and songs from their ancient Southeast Asian origins, and after centuries of isolation created a unique "monotonous" and "doleful" sound. [184][185], Other indigenous animals are represented by reptiles (tuatara, skinks and geckos), frogs,[186] spiders,[187] insects (wētā)[188] and snails. [95] The 1923 and 1926 Imperial Conferences decided that New Zealand should be allowed to negotiate its own political treaties and the first commercial treaty was ratified in 1928 with Japan. [343] A state-owned television service began in 1960. [220] In recent decades, however, a "brain gain" has brought in educated professionals from Europe and less developed countries. [n 10][3] Of those who affiliate with a particular Christian denomination, the main responses are Anglicanism (6.7%), Roman Catholicism (6.3%), and Presbyterianism (4.7%). [140] New Zealand nationality law treats all parts of the realm equally, so most people born in New Zealand, the Cook Islands, Niue, Tokelau and the Ross Dependency are New Zealand citizens. [143] Besides the North and South Islands, the five largest inhabited islands are Stewart Island (across the Foveaux Strait), Chatham Island, Great Barrier Island (in the Hauraki Gulf),[144] D'Urville Island (in the Marlborough Sounds)[145] and Waiheke Island (about 22 km (14 mi) from central Auckland). Local government and external territories. [358] New Zealand is known for its extreme sports, adventure tourism[359] and strong mountaineering tradition, as seen in the success of notable New Zealander Sir Edmund Hillary. [346] The number of New Zealand films significantly increased during the 1970s. [277] The number of fee-paying international students increased sharply in the late 1990s, with more than 20,000 studying in public tertiary institutions in 2002. [173][174] About 82% of New Zealand's indigenous vascular plants are endemic, covering 1,944 species across 65 genera. [306] At the time New Zealand was not known as an intellectual country. [345] New Zealand television primarily broadcasts American and British programming, along with many Australian and local shows. [90] As at 2017[update], the country was ranked fourth in the strength of its democratic institutions,[91] and first in government transparency and lack of corruption. [356] Horseracing was also a popular spectator sport and became part of the "Rugby, Racing and Beer" culture during the 1960s. ACT is up by three points at 6.3 percent, according to the poll. [94], Early colonial New Zealand allowed the British Government to determine external trade and be responsible for foreign policy. New Zealand (Māori: Aotearoa [aɔˈtɛaɾɔa]) is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. [126][130] In 1989, the government reorganised local government into the current two-tier structure of regional councils and territorial authorities. [258], New Zealand is a predominantly urban country, with 84.1% of the population living in urban areas, and 51.4% of the population living in the seven cities with populations exceeding 100,000. [196][197][198][199], New Zealand has an advanced market economy,[200] ranked 16th in the 2018[update] Human Development Index[9] and third in the 2018[update] Index of Economic Freedom. [191][192] Marine mammals however are abundant, with almost half the world's cetaceans (whales, dolphins, and porpoises) and large numbers of fur seals reported in New Zealand waters. The New Zealand First Foundation is the only named entity that has provided any money - in loans or donations - to the New Zealand First party since 2017. [20] In 1830, mapmakers began to use "North" and "South" on their maps to distinguish the two largest islands and by 1907 this was the accepted norm. For the first time, exclusive polling shows how voting habits changed since 2017 election, Greens and ACT fighting for third place as NZ First's voter base gets gobbled up, Copyright © 2020 MediaWorks TV - All Rights Reserved, By subscribing you agree to our Terms of Access and Privacy Policy. [370] New Zealand yields produce from land and sea—most crops and livestock, such as maize, potatoes and pigs, were gradually introduced by the early European settlers. [12][14] This name was later anglicised to "New Zealand". [245] The road and rail networks in the two main islands are linked by roll-on/roll-off ferries between Wellington and Picton, operated by Interislander (part of KiwiRail) and Bluebridge. [339] The New Zealand Music Awards are held annually by Recorded Music NZ; the awards were first held in 1965 by Reckitt & Colman as the Loxene Golden Disc awards. [280] The most prominent differences between the New Zealand English dialect and other English dialects are the shifts in the short front vowels: the short-"i" sound (as in "kit") has centralised towards the schwa sound (the "a" in "comma" and "about"); the short-"e" sound (as in "dress") has moved towards the short-"i" sound; and the short-"a" sound (as in "trap") has moved to the short-"e" sound. Media lawyer Robert Stewart said the district court had erred in three ways; finding the grounds of extreme hardship had been satisfied, exercising discretion to grant interim name suppression and both taking into account irrelevant considerations and failing to take into account relevant considerations. [322] Greenstone was fashioned into earrings and necklaces, with the most well-known design being the hei-tiki, a distorted human figure sitting cross-legged with its head tilted to the side. The district court ruled against the media; finding one of the defendants had proved an arguable case for name suppression and granting both defendants interim name suppression until their first appearance on 29 October. [184] However, New Zealand conservationists have pioneered several methods to help threatened wildlife recover, including island sanctuaries, pest control, wildlife translocation, fostering and ecological restoration of islands and other protected areas. Part 14: Establishment and disestablishment of tertiary institutions, Section 62: Establishment of institutions", "Studying in New Zealand: Tertiary education", "Educational attainment of the population", "What Students Know and Can Do: Student Performance in Reading, Mathematics and Science 2010", "Conclusions – British and Irish immigration", "Thousands turn out for Pasifika Festival", "The New Zealanders – Post-war New Zealanders", "The New Zealanders – Ordinary blokes and extraordinary sheilas", "Rural mythologies – The cult of the pioneer", "New Zealand identity – Culture and arts", "Nation and government – Nationhood and identity", "Māori architecture: transforming western notions of architecture", "A new New Zealand art – history of NZ painting", "Paradise Lost: Contemporary Pacific Art At The Asia Society", "Pounamu – jade or greenstone – Implements and adornment", "Fashion in New Zealand – New Zealand's fashion industry", "New directions in the 1930s – New Zealand literature", "The war and beyond – New Zealand literature", "28 cities join the UNESCO Creative Cities Network", "History – celebrating our music since 1965", Recording Industry Association of New Zealand, "World famous in New Zealand: Hobbiton Movie Set", "New Zealand's first official TV broadcast", "Top 10 Highest Grossing New Zealand Movies Ever", JMAD New Zealand Media Ownership Report 2016, "More and more students wear school sports colours", "Rugby and the Forging of National Identity", "Māori–Pākehā relations – Sports and race", "Sport and Recreation Participation Levels", "London 2012 Olympic Games: Medal strike rate – Final count (revised)", "Rio 2016 Olympic Games: Medals per capita", "The All Blacks guide to being successful (off the field)", Key Development Forecasts for New Zealand, St. Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, List of countries by English-speaking population, List of countries where English is an official language, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States, Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=New_Zealand&oldid=982901053, English-speaking countries and territories, Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations, States and territories established in 1907, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in New Zealand English, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from June 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from February 2011, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Seven districts lie in more than one region, These combine the regional and the territorial authority levels in one, This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 01:57.

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