The story of Razia was the subject of the 1983 movie starring Hema Malini and Dharmendra.

During a rebellion against Ruknuddin, Razia instigated the general public against Shah Turkan, and ascended the throne after Ruknuddin was deposed in 1236. [15] Razia's first military campaign directed at non-rebels was an invasion of Ranthambore, whose Chahamana ruler had asserted his sovereignty after Iltutmish's death. Through their exploits they rose through the court ranks, married the daughters of the sultans and themselves became kings and sultans. Despite Razia’s short reign, she was able to leave a significant impact upon Indian history. She proclaimed herself as Sultan, the ruler. However, her authority was not legitimate until the Caliph in Baghdad accepted it.

Some were mere playthings or used for the production... What is the origin of the legend of the Christed Son who was born of a virgin on December 25th? She married one of the rebels – Ikhtiyaruddin Altunia – and attempted to regain the throne, but was defeated by her half-brother and successor Muizuddin Bahram in October that year, and was killed shortly after. She was deposed by a group of nobles in April 1240, after having ruled for less than 4 years. Razia was only 35 years old at the time of her death. Men, women and children were captured in northern and eastern Europe, brought down the Volga River and sold to Muslim and Jewish merchants. Razia was the first and only female monarch of the Delhi Sultanate .
But it was not easy for her. [27], After deposing Razia, the nobles at Delhi had distributed important offices and iqtas among themselves, ignoring claims of Ikhtiyaruddin Altunia, who had arrested Razia at Tabarhinda. Ancient Origins © 2013 - 2020Disclaimer - Terms of Publication - Privacy Policy & Cookies - Advertising Policy - Submissions - We Give Back - Contact us.

At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. As she slept, the farmer noticed that his guest, who was dressed like a man, wore a garment embroidered in gold. While Razia reigned for only four years, Hatshepsut ruled for more than twenty. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

As a women ruler, she created the historical significance in the Indian history. Tipu Sultan – His connection to the American National Anthem, Tipu Sultan, Development of Army Logistics, Agriculture and Environmental Protection, Two kings from South Asia who inspired America’s founding fathers, revolutionaries and early US Congress, Tipu Sultan’s foreign diplomacy through the letters of Thomas Jefferson, Maratha raids on Hindu temples and shrines in South India and Tipu Sultan’s defense of the temples, Tipu Sultan’s punishment for sedition misconstrued as religious intolerance, How Tipu Sultan defeated the British at the Battle of Pollilur in 1780, He told me, ‘A woman’s true place is at home’ | Layali Webzine, 1205 – 13th OCTOBER 1240 RAZIYA SULTAN | Shivaji Raje, India’s 1st Female Muslim Ruler – Gringa of the Barrio.

In September–October 1240, Sultan Muizuddin Bahram led an army against the forces of Altunia and Razia, and defeated them on 14 October 1240. This observatory, which is often considered to be one of the finest of its kind in... Kosem Sultan was a woman who refused to be just another widow on the Ottoman court - instead she became a real ruler of the empire. Razia’s training was supervised by her father Sultan Iltutmish. The Caliph recognized her as the “Malika” of Delhi (1237), in part because he needed a Sunni bulwark to the east of the vast territories now controlled by the Mongols, who were closing in on Baghdad itself. She had changed history. The rumor mill of Delhi, fanned by the jealousy of spurned and disappointed generals, went to work.

However, later, she started appearing in public dressed in traditional male attire, wearing a cloak (qaba) and a hat (kulah). Some of the slaves were from Turkish tribes (prior to their conversion to Islam) in which case there was both an affinity of blood with their Turkish owners as well as an affinity of profession.

It appears that during his last years, Iltutmish had agreed to appoint a son as his successor.

● Aram was not really able to match the standards of a ruler. [11] Ruknuddin marched back to Delhi, but Razia sent a force to arrest him: he was imprisoned and probably executed on 19 November 1236, having ruled for less than 7 months.
Delhi Darshan: The History and Monuments of India’s Capital . After some indecisive skirmishes, the rebel leaders Muhammad Salari and Izzuddin Kabir Khan Ayaz decided to join Razia. The Turks displaced the Arabs and the Persians from the centers of power in Asia during the 9th and 10th centuries and became kingmakers. Even though he acknowledges Razia’s ability, it is hard for him to accept a female ruler: “She was a great monarch, wise, just, generous, benefactor to her realm, dispenser of justice, protector of her people and leader of her armies; and endowed with all the admirable attributes and qualifications necessary for a king. Now it’s been discovered, but not in its tranquil English old-world setting, rather, beneath a carpark and bus station. Tillotson, Giles. However, her accession to the throne did not go well with the Turkish nobles who were jealous that a woman could become the sultan. When she took the throne, Razia still wore a veil and kept out of public sight. As her brother was lazy and engaged in sensual pleasures and failed to rule properly. The death of Iltutmish leads to great political turmoil in the Sultanate. This was a last-ditch effort by Sultan Razia to recapture her throne which had been usurped by her brother. [3], Razia was born to the Delhi Sultan Shamsuddin Iltutmish, a Turkic slave (mamluk) of his predecessor Qutb al-Din Aibak. She is notable for being the first female Muslim ruler of the Indian Subcontinent. Completely devoted to her empire, she was well respected and loved by her subjects. Although her four years as Sultan have not been well documented, we do know that her reign was prosperous and peaceful. Razia was the daughter of Altumish, a Mamluke who was a slave of Qutbuddin Aibak, Turkish sultan of Delhi. Read more: History Notes: Key Events of World War – I that you need to know.

Rana Safvi says “ Independent women carving their own destinies have always been suspect.”, While the 14 th century traveler Ibn Batuta mentions that the tomb of Sultan Razia in Old Delhi attracted pilgrims who sought blessings from it, today it is largely neglected. ● No surviving son of Iltutmish was capable of taking and keeping the throne, hence history was written by making Razia, the Sultan of Delhi Sultanate.

Accusations were made that she had gotten too close to a man. Hindu works in the sciences and literature were also reportedly studied in the institutions. Razia’s confinement did not last long.

[25], The grave of Razia is located at Mohalla Bulbuli Khana near Turkman Gate in Old Delhi. Razia died in 1240. To the Turkish generals and noblemen, the ascension of a woman to the throne was a difficult pill to swallow. Razia received training fighting, leading the army and about other administrations of the Kingdom. He had impressed the ruler with his hard work and valor so much that Qutb-ud-din appointed him as a provincial governor.

Unaware that other nobles in Delhi had joined Altunia in conspiring against her, Razia marched towards Tabarhinda ten days later. She is notable for being the first female Muslim ruler of the Indian Subcontinent. They hatched a conspiracy with Ikhtiar -ud – din Aitigin as the leader of the conspiracy.

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